Indica Strains

If you walk into a specialty shop selling marijuana for recreational or medicinal purposes, you will notice there are three separate groups of cannabis; sativa, indica, and hybrids. Indica and sativa are the two major types of cannabis plants. Both strains can be found with varying THC/CBD cannabinoid concentrations. The name Indica originally referred to the geographical area (India) in which this marijuana plant was grown. The first known published description of this second known species of cannabis was in 1785 by French soldier, biologist, botanist, naturalist and author Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. Prior to his publication, Cannabis sativa was the only known species of this plant.

Cannabis indica differs from cannabis sativa in key areas such as height and stature, intermodal length, leaf size and structure, bud size and density, flowering time, odor, smoke, and effects. Indica plants tend to grow shorter and bushier than the sativa plants, and have wide, short leaves with short wide blades, whereas sativa strains have long leaves with thin long blades. The buds of indica strains tend to be wide, dense and bulk, while sativa strains are likely to be long, sausage-shaped flowers.

Indica strains are known for their beneficial physical effects such as relief from muscle aches, spasms and pain, headache and migraine pain, reduction of seizures, anxiety and stress relief, general body pain relief, and easing insomnia symptoms, whereas sativa is better known for providing a strong and uplifting “head high”, generating feelings of wellbeing, euphoria, and feelings of ease.

The sativa strain can also stimulate uplifting, cerebral thoughts, increasing focus and creativity, fight depression, and alter mental perception. While each species of cannabis has its physical, mental, and emotional benefits, indica strains can be very effective in providing a deeper level of physical relaxation than can be achieved by consuming cannabis sativa.

Sativa and indica strains can be mixed together to form hybrid strains of marijuana, yielding plants that offer a wide range of medicinal benefits to the consumer. Because sativa and indica buds have very different medicinal benefits and effects, certain strains can be targeted to better treat specific illnesses. One of the best indica strains is Original Gangster (OG) Kush, a popular indica-dominant hybrid strain from Southern California with THC levels as high as 20%. Another popular strain known as “Kush” refers to a subset of strains of Cannabis indica. The origins of Kush Cannabis are Afghanistan, Northern Pakistan, and North-Western India, with the name coming from the Hindu Kush mountain range.