Sativa Strains

Sour Tangie StrainWhat is sativa? Sativa is one of two primary plant species in the cannabis genus whose scientific classification in the plant kingdom falls under the cannabaceae family. Cannabis, popularly known as marijuana, has an agricultural history that extends back thousands of years. In fact, well-known scientist Carl Sagan proposed back in his 1977 Pulitzer Prize-winning book, The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence, that marijuana may have been the world’s first agricultural crop, leading to the development of civilization itself: “It would be wryly interesting if in human history the cultivation of marijuana led generally to the invention of agriculture, and thereby to civilization.” A revealing, if not bold, postulate by the world-renowned scientist that suggests marijuana has had a greater impact on humanity that is commonly held. Nonetheless, its cultivation has found many uses going back millennia to include, medicinal, industrial, recreational, and ancient and religious uses.

Though cannabis has long been known to be used by humans going back thousands of years, sativa was first classified as a species in 1753 by Swedish doctor and botanist Carl Linnaeus. It’s not uncommon to see sativa written as “cannabis sativa L.” with the “L” referring to the doctor’s last name.

Today, sativa marijuana, and its cousin indica, are the two strains of cannabis found in marijuana shops that have recently been legalized for medicinal and/or recreational use in many states. When visiting a marijuana specialty store, in addition to sativa and indica, you will see hybrid strains that include a mix of these two species of cannabis. Each strain produces its own physical and mental effects. While indica provides more a physical effect and is often used to provide pain relief to patients and induces a deep state of relaxation, sativa provides a more uplifting, energetic, and cerebral effect.

Some of the benefits include:

  • Feelings of well-being and ease
  • Uplifting thoughts
  • Stimulates and energizes
  • Increases focus and creativity
  • Fights depression

The sativa plant itself thrives in warmer climates and originated in the equatorial countries of Mexico, Thailand, and Blue Dream StrainSoutheast Asia. Best grown outdoors, the plants can grow to heights of up to 20 feet, and produce long, thin, narrow, light green leaves. Sativa is known for its earthy aroma, and can provide a pungent scent that includes both sweet and peppery odors. The growing cycle to produce a mature, flowering sativa plant can take up to three to four months, which is about a third longer than indica, and yields a higher crop amount than its cousin.

Compared to indica, sativa typically contains a higher percentage of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive compound that provides a “high”. Contributing to the cerebral high of cannabis sativa is a stimulating and energizing feeling that may promote creative thinking and action, often enjoyed by artists, musicians, and philosophers. Different than indica, which is often used in the evening for relaxation, and by people that have trouble sleeping because of its sedative properties, sativa is most often consumed during the day due to its energizing characteristics.